TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS IN NEW LIGHT
Welcome to the official tourist page of the Municipality of Ravno!
It belongs to one of the rare areas where early christian and slavic customs and atmosphere are still preserved and are passed from generation to generation. It is located at the southermost part of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Dubrovnik hinterland. It streches from Neum Municipality in the northwest up to Konavle in the southeast, with a total area size of 323 square kilometers (125 square miles). It is decorated by many beautiful natural wonders and customs, and some of the most famous Croatian greats come from it.
You can find all the basic information and check out the curiosities that make this Municipality great.
LEGACY OF EARLY SLAVS
The area that makes up the Ravno Municipality is rich in historical and natural sights and monuments. In addition to the many caves and other natural phenomenons, visitors can also visit Vjetrenica, the most famous cave in Bosnia and Hercegovina, which has been renovated and decorated specifically for the purposes of visiting and sightseeing. There is also the Popovo field spreading throughout the northwest part of this Municipality which is, along with the river Trebišnjica, one of the natural gems and wonders. Trebišnjica is the longest sinking river in Europe, and the biggest concrete riverbed in the world.
There are also many historical landmarks. Ravno itself has: church of st. Dimitrij, the church of the Birth of Blessed Virgin Mary, the church of st. Joseph the Worker, the church of the Three Saints, multiple tombstone localities, the prince's tomb, and traditional stone architecture. Thos who go to Trebinja may visit: the church of st. Rok, the church of Ascension of Blessed Virgin Mary, tombstones in Spasovo cemetery, the birth house of Đuro Kriste Pećko, one of the originators of the resistance against the Ottomans and mongolian cemetery in Strmica. You are also likely to notice the remains of Andrijašević castle and the church of st. Nicola in Rupni Do, the former center of Ravno district.
Besides the Vjetrenica cave with its biospeleological museum, Zavala also offers its visitors the chance to see the foundations of an early christian church, together with the orthodox monastery from XVI. century. There is also a narrow train route formerly used by Ćiro train, with renovated train starions (hotels and inns) - the whole complex was made in Austro-Hungarian architectural style. It is now used as a biking route from Gabela do Konavle, along with the biking route which stretches from Zavala through Belenići up to Uskoplje.
All of the above and more interesting natural and historical wonders, attractions and localities can be visited either alone or accompanied by a guide escort.
One of the largest and most important natural resources of Ravno Municipality is the fertile Popovo field, with an area size of 2500 ha through which flows the river Trebišnjica, a so-called underground Amazon and herzegovinian Nile. It is the longest sinking river in Europe, and the whole area is crosslinked with an extensive water supply system. It extends from Trebinje to Hutovo.
The fertile Popovo field is home to many endangered species of plants and animals, such as the wolf, the lynx, bats, poplars, sage, smilies and snakeskin grass (spore). The river Trebišnjica, the longest sinking river in Europe and the largest concrete riverbed in the world, flows through it and it is the source of electricity in the Grančarevo HP.
Contemporary and intensive plantations of apples, vines and autochthonous vetches are currently being planted in the field, most notably the popovac corn and pollack bean, which is often used as a remedy against stomach problems.
The miraculous minnow fish – aphrodisiac from Popovo field, is mentioned in the book of Evli Celebija, dating back to 1666. The senior citizens of Dubrovnik envied us on this fish because it was given to eminent Turkish rulers. Today it is protected and is classified as an endangered endemic species on the list. It resides in the underground aquatic habitats of the karstic region.
Before the construction of the hydroelectric system on Trebišnjica, the Popovo field would have been flooded with water for up to nine months, and sometimes up to 300 days, turning from field to the sea. It would then be called Blato (mud), or Poblatina, and it would be sailed by boats carrying people and cattle. Below Ravno there are docks, preserved remains of that time. One familiar story tells of the stranger in the Venetians who asked about the place from which he came, to which he replied: “I come from a place where in the winter boats sail by the sea, and the fish are hunted with silken nets, and in the summer the wheat and other grains are sowed on the place of that sea.”
There are four world-unique underground and underwater mills in Popovo, one of which is called Opačak (because it is rolling backwards), while the Donja Luka mill did not receive enough water and didn’t work. They are mentioned in the grant of the Croat-Hungarian King Matthias Korvin to friar Alexander the Dubrovnikian from 1465.